TRAM Flap Breast Reconstruction (Transverse Rectus Abdominus Myocutaneous)
The TRAM flap was replaced by the DIEP flap as the gold standard in breast reconstruction several years ago. However, it is important to understand the concept of TRAM surgery and how it has evolved into today's cutting edge DIEP flap procedure.
- There are three main types of TRAM flap surgery:
- pedicled TRAM flap
- free TRAM flap
- muscle-sparing Free TRAM flap
- The TRAM flap has been replaced by the DIEP flap as the gold standard in breast reconstruction